Examples of convective fractionation in high-temperature granites from the Lachlan Fold Belt

D. Wyborn*, B. W. Chappell, M. James

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    54 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Igneous rocks derived from high-temperature, crystal-poor magmas of intermediate potassic composition are widespread in the central Lachlan Fold Belt, and have been assigned to the Boggy Plain Supersulte. These rocks range in composition from 45 to 78% SiO2, with a marked paucity of examples in the range 65-70% SiO2, the composition dominant in most other granites of the Lachlan Fold Belt. Evidence is presented from two units of the Boggy Plain Supersulte, the Boggy Plain zoned pluton and the Nallawa complex, to demonstrate that these high-temperature magmas solidified under a regime of convective fractionation. By this process, a magma body solidified from margin to centre as the zone of solidification moved progressively inwards. High-temperature near-liquidus minerals with a certain proportion of trapped interstitial differentiated melt, separated from the buoyant differentiated melt during solidification. In most cases much of this differentiated melt buoyantly rose to the top of the magma chamber to form felsic sheets that overly the solidifying main magma chamber beneath. Some of these felsic tops erupted as volcanic rocks, but they mainly form extensive high-level intrusive bodies, the largest being the granitic part of the Yeoval complex, with an area of over 200 km2. Back-mixing of fractionated melt into the main magma chamber progressively changed the composition of the main melt, resulting in highly zoned plutons. In the more felsic part of the Boggy Plain zoned pluton back-mixing was dominant, if not exclusive, forming an intrusive body cryptically zoned from 63% SIO2 on the margin to 72% SIO2 in the core. It is suggested that tonalitic bodies do not generally crystallise through convective fractionation because the differentiated melt is volumetrically small and totally trapped within the interstitial space: back-mixing is excluded and homogeneous plutons with essentially the composition of the parental melt are formed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)531-542
    Number of pages12
    JournalAustralian Journal of Earth Sciences
    Volume48
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

    Keywords

    • Boggy plain supersuite
    • Convective fractionation
    • I-type granite
    • In situ crystallisation
    • Lachlan Fold Belt

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