Exclusion of linkage between bipolar affective disorder and chromosome 16 in 12 Australian pedigrees

Linda J. Adams, Judy A. Salmon, John B. Kwok, Christina Vivero, Jennifer A. Donald, Philip B. Mitchell, Peter R. Schofield*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Several recent reports of possible susceptibility loci for bipolar affective disorder (BAD) have identified sites on a number of chromosomes. Specifically, two Danish studies have suggested the presence of a susceptibility locus for BAD on chromosome 16p13. As the first step of a whole genome scan, we screened 12 Australian families with markers at 16p13 and also a number of markers spanning the entirety of chromosome 16. Linkage analysis was undertaken using both the parametric lod score method (two- and multipoint) with different models and diagnostic thresholds, and the nonparametric affected pedigree member (APM) method. Results of lod score analysis convincingly excluded the 16p13 region from linkage to BAD in these families, while APM provided no support for linkage. Furthermore, using the broad definition of BAD, with individuals affected by bipolar I and II and recurrent unipolar disorders included, the entire chromosome was excluded from linkage to BAD with autosomal-dominant transmission at a maximum age- specific penetrance of 60%, and with autosomal-dominant and recessive modes of transmission at a maximum age-specific penetrance level of 90%. Diagnostic thresholds which did not include unipolar affected individuals were somewhat less informative. However, a majority (between 63-96%, depending upon the model) of the chromosome was clearly excluded using narrow diagnostic thresholds. Moreover, no positive lod scores were obtained at 0 = 0.00 for any tested model or diagnostic threshold. Our results indicate that no linkage exists between BAD and chromosome 16 markers in this group of Australian families.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-310
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics - Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Depression
  • Genetic linkage
  • Genome scan
  • Manic depressive illness


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