Experiential and cognitive changes following seven minutes exposure to music and speech

Gabriela Ilie*, William Forde Thompson

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    47 Citations (Scopus)
    74 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    IN TWO EXPERIMENTS, WE ASSESSED THE EXPERIENTIAL and cognitive consequences of seven minutes exposure to music (Experiment 1) and speech (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, participants listened to music for seven minutes and reported their emotional experiences based on ratings of valence (pleasant-unpleasant) and two types of arousal: energy (energetic-boring) and tension (tense-calm). They were then assessed on two cognitive skills: speed of processing and creativity. Music varied in pitch height (high or low pitched), rate (fast or slow), and intensity (loud or soft). Experiment 2 replicated Experiment 1 using male and female speech. Experiential and cognitive consequences of stimulus manipulations were overlapping in the two experiments, suggesting that music and speech draw on a common emotional code. There were also divergent effects, however, implicating domain-specific influences on emotion induction. We discuss the results in view of a psychological framework for understanding auditory signals of emotion.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)247-264
    Number of pages18
    JournalMusic Perception
    Volume28
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

    Bibliographical note

    Published as Ilie G and Thompson WF (2011) Experiential and cognitive changes following seven minutes exposure to music and speech, Music Perception, 28:3, 247-264. © 2011 by the Regents of the University of California. Copying and permissions notice: Authorization to copy this content beyond fair use (as specified in Sections 107 and 108 of the U. S. Copyright Law) for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted by the Regents of the University of California for libraries and other users, provided that they are registered with and pay the specified fee via Rightslink® on [Caliber (http://caliber.ucpress.net/)] or directly with the Copyright Clearance Center, http://www.copyright.com.

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