Experimental modeling of viscous inclusions in a circular high-strain shear rig

implications for the interpretation of shape fabrics and deformed enclaves

Sandra Piazolo*, Cees W. Passchier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Deformation experiments with initially spherical and prolate viscous inclusions suspended in a viscous Newtonian matrix in a circular high strain annular shear rig provide insights on the shape development of inclusions in high strain shear zones during progressive deformation. Inclusions with a specific viscosity ratio with respect to the matrix material show distinct types of three-dimensional shape development. For instance, at a high viscosity ratio between matrix and inclusion a pulsating ellipsoid develops, which both continuously rotates and changes its shape from a sphere to an ellipsoid and back to a sphere. The experiments show that the shape of an inclusion that has a viscosity different to the matrix material cannot be taken as a reliable indicator for the magnitude or type of finite strain. In naturally formed shear zones, in which strain rates are heterogeneous from boundary to center, viscosity contrast and power law flow will result in a large number of different shape developments trends for inclusions such as mafic and microgranitic enclaves, pebbles or mineral aggregates.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberETG11
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Volume107
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • analog modeling
  • rheology
  • shape fabric
  • shear zone
  • viscosity
  • enclaves

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