Experimental study on cotton stalk combustion in a circulating fluidized bed

Zhi-Ao Sun*, Bao-Sheng Jin, Ming-Yao Zhang, Ren-Ping Liu, Yong Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


This paper summarizes the results of an experimental study on cotton stalk (CS) combustion in a circulating fluidized bed. The mixing and fluidizing characteristics of binary mixture of CS with 10-100 mm in length and alumina bed material with a certain size distribution in a cold test facility were studied. The results show that CS by itself cannot fluidize, and adding inert bed material can improve the fluidization condition. CS can mix well with alumina at fluidization number N = 3-7. As N is more than 7, there will exist a little more segregation. The study concerning combustion characteristics of pure CS was performed on a circulating fluidized bed with a heat input of 0.5 MW. The effects of fluidizing velocity, secondary air flow and gas flow to the loop seal on the bed temperature profiles were investigated. Although there is a little more segregation at N higher than 7 in the cold tests, the hot experimental results indicate that slight segregation has little effect on the steady combustion of the dense region. In this study, the concentrations of major gaseous pollutants (CO, SO2 and NO) in flue (stack) gas were measured. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1027-1040
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Energy
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • cotton stalk
  • circulating fluidized bed
  • bed material
  • mixing characteristics
  • combustion characteristics
  • pollutant emissions
  • SAND
  • HUSK
  • ASH


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