At the recent 16th International Conference on Minority Languages at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland, I delivered a keynote lecture about “language shaming”. By “language shaming”, I mean (social) media campaigns or face-to-face interactions that deride, disparage or demean particular ways of using language. Like other forms of stigma, language shame may have deleterious effects on the groups and individuals concerned and may result in low self-esteem, a lack of self-worth and social alienation. Shame can become a self-fulfilling prophesy as it disrupts security and confidence and may constitute the principal impediment to developing human relationships, communicating with others and developing a sense of belonging, as Kaufman pointed out in his classic Psychology of Shame.
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- 200401 applied linguistics and educational linguistics
- 200405 language in culture and society (sociolinguistics)