Exploring self-leadership across Eastern and Western cultures

Jessie Ho, Paul L. Nesbit

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The purpose of this study was to examine how culture influences the use of self-leadership strategies among Hong Kong and Australian students. Results revealed that significant cultural differences were found for some dimensions of self-leadership strategies. Chinese students reported greater use of self-reward, relation-based natural reward, individual-oriented and social-oriented evaluation of beliefs and assumption, whereas Australian students reported greater use of self-goal setting, and self-cueing. However, no cultural differences were found for the use of self-punishment, positive self-talk, visualizing successful performance as well as task-based natural rewards. Implications and future research are also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-249
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of service science and management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2013. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • Self-Leadership
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Independent-Interdependent Self-Construals
  • Individualistic/Collectivistic Cultures
  • Promotion and Prevention Regulatory Focus

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