Exploring the stellar rotation of early-type stars in the LAMOST Medium-resolution Survey. II. Statistics

Weijia Sun, Xiao-Wei Duan, Licai Deng, Richard de Grijs

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    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Angular momentum is a key property regulating star formation and evolution. However, the physics driving the distribution of the stellar rotation rates of early-type main-sequence stars is as yet poorly understood. Using our catalog of 40,034 early-type stars with homogeneous v i sin parameters, we review the statistical properties of their
    stellar rotation rates. We discuss the importance of possible contaminants, including binaries and chemically peculiar stars. Upon correction for projection effects and rectification of the error distribution, we derive the distributions of our sample’s equatorial rotation velocities, which show a clear dependence on stellar mass. Stars with masses less than 2.5 M exhibit a unimodal distribution, with the peak velocity ratio increasing as stellar mass increases. A bimodal rotation distribution, composed of two branches of slowly and rapidly rotating stars, emerges for more massive stars (M > 2.5 M). For stars more massive than 3.0 M, the gap between the bifurcated branches becomes prominent. For the first time, we find that metal-poor ([M/H] < −0.2 dex) stars only exhibit a single branch of slow rotators, while metal-rich ([M/H] > 0.2 dex) stars clearly show two branches. The difference could be attributed to unexpectedly high spin-down rates and/or in part strong magnetic fields in the metal-poor subsample.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number145
    Pages (from-to)1-13
    Number of pages13
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume921
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2021

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