Extracting surface wave dispersion curves from asynchronous seismic stations: method and application

Hao Rao, Yinhe Luo, Kaifeng Zhao, Yingjie Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Correlation of the coda of Empirical Green's functions (EGFs) from ambient noise can be used to reconstruct EGFs between two seismic stations deployed different periods of time. However, such method requires a number of source stations deployed in the area surrounding a pair of asynchronous stations, which limit its applicability in cases where there are not so many available source stations. Here, we propose an alternative method, called two-station C2 method, which uses one single station as a virtual source to retrieve surface wave phase velocities between a pair of asynchronous stations. Using ambient noise data from USArray as an example, we obtain the interstation C2 functions using our C2 method and the traditional cross-correlation functions (C1 functions). We compare the differences between the C1 and C2 functions in waveforms, dispersion measurements, and phase velocity maps. Our results show that our C2 method can obtain reliable interstation phase velocity measurements, which can be used in tomography to obtain reliable phase velocity maps. Our method can significantly improve ray path coverage from asynchronous seismic arrays and enhance the resolution in ambient noise tomography for areas between asynchronous seismic arrays.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1148-1158
Number of pages11
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


  • Computational seismology
  • Seismic tomography
  • Surface waves and free oscillations


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