Extremely low structural hydroxyl contents in upper mantle xenoliths from the Nógrád-Gömör Volcanic Field (northern Pannonian Basin): geodynamic implications and the role of post-eruptive re-equilibration

Levente Patkó, Nóra Liptai, István János Kovács, László Előd Aradi, Qun-Ke Xia, Jannick Ingrin, Judith Mihály, Suzanne Y. O'Reilly, William L. Griffin, Viktor Wesztergom, Csaba Szabó

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The structural hydroxyl content of the nominally anhydrous minerals (olivine and pyroxenes) in the upper mantle is among the important attributes that influence the physical and chemical features of the upper mantle. In this study, we provide detailed Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) data on 63 petrographically and geochemically well-defined upper mantle xenoliths from the Nógrád-Gömör Volcanic Field (Pannonian Basin, Central Europe). These xenoliths show extremely low average structural hydroxyl contents (~0, 31 and 185 ppm for olivine, orthopyroxene and clinopyroxene, respectively) compared to values reported regionally and worldwide. The studied xenoliths have anomalous types of FTIR spectra and high structural hydroxyl ratios between clinopyroxenes and orthopyroxenes (an average of ~8). Furthermore, there is usually no correlation between the structural hydroxyl content and other physical or chemical properties of the xenoliths. These specific FTIR characteristics suggest that the Nógrád-Gömör upper mantle xenoliths were exposed to significant modification of their structural hydroxyl contents, which may be linked to pre- and post-eruptive processes. Decompression during extension leads to lower 'water' activity, which is most likely to have played a key role. However, pre-eruptive mantle metasomatism with an agent having low water activity cannot be excluded either. The post-eruptive cooling can be significant as well, as suggested by the higher structural hydroxyl content in xenoliths hosted in more rapidly cooled volcanic facies (i.e. pyroclastics).

Our study reveals how FTIR characteristics may evolve in continental rift settings in young extensional basins. Furthermore, novel applications of our study are the diagnostic features that indicate significant changes in structural hydroxyl properties. This contributes to distinguishing low structural hydroxyl contents linked to the pre-eruptive (i.e., low structural hydroxyl content in pyroxenes, anomalous partitioning and anomalous band characteristic in pyroxenes) or the post-eruptive (completely ‘dry’ olivines) periods.

LanguageEnglish
Pages23-41
Number of pages19
JournalChemical Geology
Volume507
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Geodynamics
Hydroxyl Radical
Fourier transform
geodynamics
upper mantle
olivine
basin
Fourier transforms
Infrared radiation
decompression
metasomatism
orthopyroxene
clinopyroxene
chemical property
partitioning
physical property
mantle
cooling
water
mineral

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • Upper mantle xenoliths
  • Nominally anhydrous minerals
  • Structural hydroxyl
  • Mantle mineral re-equilibration
  • Lithosphere extension
  • Dry mantle metasomatism

Cite this

Patkó, Levente ; Liptai, Nóra ; Kovács, István János ; Aradi, László Előd ; Xia, Qun-Ke ; Ingrin, Jannick ; Mihály, Judith ; O'Reilly, Suzanne Y. ; Griffin, William L. ; Wesztergom, Viktor ; Szabó, Csaba. / Extremely low structural hydroxyl contents in upper mantle xenoliths from the Nógrád-Gömör Volcanic Field (northern Pannonian Basin) : geodynamic implications and the role of post-eruptive re-equilibration. In: Chemical Geology. 2019 ; Vol. 507. pp. 23-41.
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Extremely low structural hydroxyl contents in upper mantle xenoliths from the Nógrád-Gömör Volcanic Field (northern Pannonian Basin) : geodynamic implications and the role of post-eruptive re-equilibration. / Patkó, Levente; Liptai, Nóra; Kovács, István János; Aradi, László Előd; Xia, Qun-Ke; Ingrin, Jannick; Mihály, Judith; O'Reilly, Suzanne Y.; Griffin, William L.; Wesztergom, Viktor; Szabó, Csaba.

In: Chemical Geology, Vol. 507, 05.03.2019, p. 23-41.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Extremely low structural hydroxyl contents in upper mantle xenoliths from the Nógrád-Gömör Volcanic Field (northern Pannonian Basin)

T2 - Chemical Geology

AU - Patkó, Levente

AU - Liptai, Nóra

AU - Kovács, István János

AU - Aradi, László Előd

AU - Xia, Qun-Ke

AU - Ingrin, Jannick

AU - Mihály, Judith

AU - O'Reilly, Suzanne Y.

AU - Griffin, William L.

AU - Wesztergom, Viktor

AU - Szabó, Csaba

N1 - Copyright the Author(s) 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

PY - 2019/3/5

Y1 - 2019/3/5

N2 - The structural hydroxyl content of the nominally anhydrous minerals (olivine and pyroxenes) in the upper mantle is among the important attributes that influence the physical and chemical features of the upper mantle. In this study, we provide detailed Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) data on 63 petrographically and geochemically well-defined upper mantle xenoliths from the Nógrád-Gömör Volcanic Field (Pannonian Basin, Central Europe). These xenoliths show extremely low average structural hydroxyl contents (~0, 31 and 185 ppm for olivine, orthopyroxene and clinopyroxene, respectively) compared to values reported regionally and worldwide. The studied xenoliths have anomalous types of FTIR spectra and high structural hydroxyl ratios between clinopyroxenes and orthopyroxenes (an average of ~8). Furthermore, there is usually no correlation between the structural hydroxyl content and other physical or chemical properties of the xenoliths. These specific FTIR characteristics suggest that the Nógrád-Gömör upper mantle xenoliths were exposed to significant modification of their structural hydroxyl contents, which may be linked to pre- and post-eruptive processes. Decompression during extension leads to lower 'water' activity, which is most likely to have played a key role. However, pre-eruptive mantle metasomatism with an agent having low water activity cannot be excluded either. The post-eruptive cooling can be significant as well, as suggested by the higher structural hydroxyl content in xenoliths hosted in more rapidly cooled volcanic facies (i.e. pyroclastics). Our study reveals how FTIR characteristics may evolve in continental rift settings in young extensional basins. Furthermore, novel applications of our study are the diagnostic features that indicate significant changes in structural hydroxyl properties. This contributes to distinguishing low structural hydroxyl contents linked to the pre-eruptive (i.e., low structural hydroxyl content in pyroxenes, anomalous partitioning and anomalous band characteristic in pyroxenes) or the post-eruptive (completely ‘dry’ olivines) periods.

AB - The structural hydroxyl content of the nominally anhydrous minerals (olivine and pyroxenes) in the upper mantle is among the important attributes that influence the physical and chemical features of the upper mantle. In this study, we provide detailed Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) data on 63 petrographically and geochemically well-defined upper mantle xenoliths from the Nógrád-Gömör Volcanic Field (Pannonian Basin, Central Europe). These xenoliths show extremely low average structural hydroxyl contents (~0, 31 and 185 ppm for olivine, orthopyroxene and clinopyroxene, respectively) compared to values reported regionally and worldwide. The studied xenoliths have anomalous types of FTIR spectra and high structural hydroxyl ratios between clinopyroxenes and orthopyroxenes (an average of ~8). Furthermore, there is usually no correlation between the structural hydroxyl content and other physical or chemical properties of the xenoliths. These specific FTIR characteristics suggest that the Nógrád-Gömör upper mantle xenoliths were exposed to significant modification of their structural hydroxyl contents, which may be linked to pre- and post-eruptive processes. Decompression during extension leads to lower 'water' activity, which is most likely to have played a key role. However, pre-eruptive mantle metasomatism with an agent having low water activity cannot be excluded either. The post-eruptive cooling can be significant as well, as suggested by the higher structural hydroxyl content in xenoliths hosted in more rapidly cooled volcanic facies (i.e. pyroclastics). Our study reveals how FTIR characteristics may evolve in continental rift settings in young extensional basins. Furthermore, novel applications of our study are the diagnostic features that indicate significant changes in structural hydroxyl properties. This contributes to distinguishing low structural hydroxyl contents linked to the pre-eruptive (i.e., low structural hydroxyl content in pyroxenes, anomalous partitioning and anomalous band characteristic in pyroxenes) or the post-eruptive (completely ‘dry’ olivines) periods.

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