Eye movements and non-canonical reading

comments on Kennedy and Pynte (2008)

Keith Rayner*, Alexander Pollatsek, Simon P. Liversedge, Erik D. Reichle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)


Kennedy and Pynte [Kennedy, A., & Pynte, J. (2008). The consequences of violations to reading order: An eye movement analysis. Vision Research, 48, 2309-2320] presented data that they suggested pose problems for models of eye movement control in reading in which words are encoded serially. They focus on situations in which pairs of words are fixated out of order (i.e., the first word is skipped and the second fixated prior to a regression back to the first word). We strongly disagree with their claims and contest their arguments. We argue that their data set was obtained selectively and the events they believe are problematic do not occur frequently during reading. Furthermore, we do not consider that Kennedy and Pynte's arguments pose serious difficulties for serial models of reading such as E-Z Reader.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2232-2236
Number of pages5
JournalVision Research
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • reading
  • eye movement control
  • models of eye movement control in reading

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