Eye movements in reading: models and data

Keith Rayner*, Alexander Pollatsek, Erik D. Reichle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/opinion

27 Citations (Scopus)


The issues the commentators have raised and which we address, include: the debate over how attention is allocated during reading; our distinction between early and late stages of lexical processing; our assumptions about saccadic programming; the determinants of skipping and refixations; and the role that higher-level linguistic processing may play in influencing eye movements during reading. In addition, we provide a discussion of model development and principles for evaluating and comparing models. Although we acknowledge that E-Z Reader is incomplete, we maintain that it provides a good framework for systematically trying to understand how the cognitive, perceptual, and motor systems influence the eyes during reading.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-518
Number of pages12
JournalBehavioral and Brain Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2003
Externally publishedYes


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