Fabricating waveguide Bragg gratings (WBGs) in bulk materials using ultrashort laser pulses

Martin Ams*, Peter Dekker, Simon Gross, Michael J. Withford

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)
404 Downloads (Pure)


Optical waveguide Bragg gratings (WBGs) can be created in transparent materials using femtosecond laser pulses. The technique is conducted without the need for lithography, ion-beam fabrication methods, or clean room facilities. This paper reviews the field of ultrafast laser-inscribed WBGs since its inception, with a particular focus on fabrication techniques, WBG characteristics, WBG types, and WBG applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-763
Number of pages21
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 28 Aug 2017

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2017. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • Bragg
  • grating
  • laser
  • Ultrafast
  • waveguide


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