Facilitation cascades in marine ecosystems: a synthesis and future directions

Paul E. Gribben*, Christine Angelini, Andrew H. Altieri, Melanie J. Bishop, Mads S. Thomsen, Fabio Bulleri

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    39 Citations (Scopus)
    17 Downloads (Pure)


    Facilitation cascades occur when a habitat-forming species facilitates another habitat-forming species with synergistic effects on biodiversity. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge of facilitation cascades in marine environments, describing (1) the geographic distribution of studies documenting facilitation cascades; (2) the range of habitats and organisms involved; (3) the mechanisms underpinning their establishment; and (4) the sources of their spatial and temporal patterns and variability. We synthesize this knowledge to identify ways in which facilitation cascades could be integrated with other ecological theories regarding community assembly and function, and also to explore how they may be integrated into conservation and management strategies. Finally, we identify critical knowledge gaps and future research directions for improving our understanding of the mechanisms regulating the establishment and persistence of facilitation cascades in marine environments.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationOceanography and marine biology
    Subtitle of host publicationan annual review
    EditorsS. J. Hawkins, A. L. Allcock, A. E. Bates, L. B. Firth, I. P. Smith, S. E. Swearer, P. A. Todd
    Place of PublicationBoca Raton, FL
    PublisherCRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group
    Number of pages42
    ISBN (Electronic)9780429026379
    ISBN (Print)9780367134150
    Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Publication series

    NameOceanography and Marine Biology
    ISSN (Print)0078-3218

    Bibliographical note

    Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


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