Factors affecting the adoption of cloud computing in small and medium enterprises

Fariba Safari, Narges Safari, Alireza Hasanzadeh*, Ali Rajabzadeh Ghatari

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


In spite of cloud advantages for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to reduce their costs and improve their performance, they have not utilised it at the desired level. Therefore, this study seeks to provide a model for the adoption of cloud computing in SMEs based on technology, organisation, and environment (TOE) framework along with individual characteristics. The results show that relative advantage and compatibility in technological context, sensitivity of data and supporting infrastructure in organisational context, vendor support, competitive pressure and government support in environmental context, CEO trust, and CEO cloud knowledge in CEO characteristics are significant factors in cloud adoption. However, complexity and CEO innovativeness are not influential determinants. In addition, five top prioritised factors for moving to cloud are relative advantage, vendor support, competitive pressure, CEO trust, and CEO knowledge. This study is not only useful for SMEs in their adoption decision but also for researches in this subject.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-137
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Business Information Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • CEO innovativeness
  • CEO knowledge
  • CEO trust
  • Cloud computing
  • Compatibility
  • Competitive pressure
  • Complexity
  • Government support
  • Relative advantage
  • Sensitivity of data
  • Small and medium enterprises
  • SMEs
  • Supporting infrastructure
  • TOE framework
  • Vendor support


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