Factors influencing interprofessional collaboration between community pharmacists and general practitioners

a systematic review

Annelies Bollen, Reema Harrison, Parisa Aslani, Jolanda C. M. van Haastregt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)


Effective interprofessional collaboration is critical for sustaining high quality care in the context of the increasing burden on primary healthcare services. Despite this, there is limited understanding of the factors contributing to effective collaboration between general practitioners and community pharmacists. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the factors that impact on interprofessional collaboration between general practitioners (GPs) and community pharmacists (CPs). Keywords and synonyms were combined and applied to four databases (EMBASE, CINAHL, SCOPUS, and MEDLINE) to identify articles published between January 2000 to April 2017. Relevant journals and reference lists were also hand‐searched. A total of 37 articles met the eligibility criteria. Factors that posed a challenge to effective interprofessional collaboration were the perceived imbalance in hierarchy and power between the professions and a lack of understanding of each other's skills and knowledge. Experience of collaboration with the other party led to greater understanding of each other's capabilities and potential role in co‐delivering patient care. The physical environment was also identified as important, with co‐location and other resources to facilitate clear and regular communication identified as important facilitators of interprofessional collaboration. The review findings highlight a range of approaches that may positively influence interprofessional collaboration between GPs and CPS such as co‐location, co‐education to understand the professional capabilities of each group, and utilising compatible technologies to facilitate communication between the two professions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e189-e212
Number of pages24
JournalHealth and Social Care in the Community
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • community pharmacists
  • general practitioners
  • influencing factors
  • interprofessional collaboration
  • systematic review

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