Factors influencing mortality from bleeding peptic ulcers

I. B. Turner*, M. Jones, D. W. Piper

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mortality, causes of death, and the factors that are influencing deaths from bleeding acute and chronic peptic ulcers were evaluated retrospectively. During a 2-year period (1986-87) 272 patients were endoscoped for acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage and were found to have bled from a peptic ulcer (chronic gastric ulcers, 90; chronic duodenal ulcers, 114; acute gastroduodenal ulcers, 66; stomal ulcers, 2). The overall mortality was 9.6% (n = 26) (gastric ulcers, 6.7%; duodenal ulcers, 11.4%; acute ulcers, 10.6% Statistically significant factors adversely affecting prognosis for gastric ulcer were re-bleeding, need for operation and serious intercurrent illness; for duodenal ulcer were units of transfused blood, re-bleeding, signs of recent hemorrhage at endoscopy, need for operation, and serious intercurrent illness; and for acute ulcer were increasing age, shock, units of transfused blood, re-bleeding, and serious intercurrent illness. Multivariate analysis was only attempted for duodenal ulcers because of sample sizes; it suggested that active bleeding or visible vessel at endoscopy, re-bleeding, and serious intercurrent illness were independent factors for mortality. From this study it is apparent that the major determinants of a fatal outcome in bleeding peptic ulcer diseases were serious intercurrent illness and rebleeding. As it must be anticipated that patients with these particular problems are at high risk of a poor outcome, it follows that it is important they have access to skilled treatment as provided by a specialist team in an intensive care ward. It also follows that every effort should be made to keep ulcers in remission to free the ulcer patient of potentially lethal complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-666
Number of pages6
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Duodenal ulcer
  • Erosions
  • Gastric ulcer
  • Hemorrhage

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