Factors that influence body dissatisfaction

comparisons across culture and gender

Mabel Hui, Jac Brown*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined the relationship between attachment style, differentiation of self, and body dissatisfaction across culture and gender. The sample consisted of 115 Caucasians (85 females, 29 males) with a mean age of 22.2 years (SD = 5.81) and 119 Chinese individuals (93 females, 26 males) with a mean age of 22.8 years (SD = 2.35). Participants completed online self-report measures of body satisfaction, attachment style, and differentiation of self. Results indicated that high attachment anxiety and less differentiation of self were associated with lower body satisfaction for women but not for men of either cultural group. There were no significant cultural or gender differences in terms of overall body satisfaction; however, there were differences with regard to preoccupation with weight and self-perceived weight. It was concluded that culture had little impact on body dissatisfaction in the present sample but that the factors that shape body dissatisfaction differed by gender.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-329
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013


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