False memories and memory confidence in borderline patients

Lisa Schilling*, Katja Wingenfeld, Carsten Spitzer, Matthias Nagel, Steffen Moritz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and objectives Mixed results have been obtained regarding memory in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Prior reports and anecdotal evidence suggests that patients with BPD are prone to false memories but this assumption has to been put to firm empirical test, yet. Methods Memory accuracy and confidence was assessed in 20 BPD patients and 22 healthy controls using a visual variant of the false memory (Deese-Roediger-McDermott) paradigm which involved a negative and a positive-valenced picture. Results Groups did not differ regarding veridical item recognition. Importantly, patients did not display more false memories than controls. At trend level, borderline patients rated more items as new with high confidence compared to healthy controls. Conclusions The results tentatively suggest that borderline patients show uncompromised visual memory functions and display no increased susceptibility for distorted memories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-380
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Borderline personality disorder
  • Confidence
  • Decision making
  • Deese-Roediger-McDermott
  • False memories
  • Visual memory

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'False memories and memory confidence in borderline patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this