Femtosecond laser direct-written fiber Bragg gratings with high reflectivity and low loss at wavelengths beyond 4 µm

Gayathri Bharathan, Toney Teddy Fernandez, Martin Ams, Jean Yves Carrée, Samuel Poulain, Marcel Poulain, Alex Fuerbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the fabrication of, to the best of our knowledge, the first highly reflective fiber Bragg gratings for the 4 µm wavelength range. A second-order grating with a coupling coefficient ( κ) of 230 m -1, losses <0.25 d B/ c m, and a bandwidth of approximately 3 nm was inscribed into the core of a passive indium fluoride ( I n F 3) fiber using a femtosecond (fs) laser. Thermal annealing of this grating at a temperature of 150°C for 90 min resulted in the enhancement of κ to 275 m -1. Further, we show that I n F 3 fibers respond very differently to irradiation with fs laser pulses as compared to ZBLAN fibers and that this difference manifests itself in a significantly larger process window for inscription and in the formation of a more complex refractive index profile that is believed to be caused by the larger nonlinearity of I n F 3. This Letter paves the way to the development of new wavelength stabilized all-fiber mid-infrared lasers beyond 4 µm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4316-4319
Number of pages4
JournalOptics Letters
Volume45
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

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