Fire sensing technologies: a review

Anshul Gaur, Abhishek Singh, Ashok Kumar, Kishor S. Kulkarni, Sayantani Lala, Kamal Kapoor, Vishal Srivastava, Anuj Kumar, Subhas Chandra Mukhopadhyay

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The progress on fire sensing technologies has been quite substantial in recent years due to advancements in sensing, information, and communications technologies. In this paper, the authors have discussed the fire sensing technologies and what is essential for the discrepancies in the development of hardware and algorithm. The review presents an overview of the existing state-of-the-art practices in the areas of fire sensing and control system, and it is focused mainly on the excellent capability to detect fire, reduce the detection of false positives, the ability to notify the occupants, passes the information and the status of the fires to the fire department, and the automatic control capability of the occupants' safety and controlling functions. The major elements of the fire moment, such as surrounding heat, flame, smoke, and gases level, are discussed with their merits, demerits, measurement benchmarks, and measuring the span of the parameters. The reasons and controlling parameters of the fire in commercial and residential buildings are also discussed. Research articles on fire sensing technologies also acknowledged the above concerns. However, the importance of robust systems that address all or most of the above-stated benchmarks still remains a challenge and partially addressed. To address the gaps, a modified fire sensing and control system concept has been proposed.

LanguageEnglish
Pages3191-3202
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Fingerprint

Fires
Control systems
automatic control
smoke
Smoke
flames
safety
hardware
communication
moments
Hardware
heat
Communication
Gases
gases

Cite this

Gaur, A., Singh, A., Kumar, A., Kulkarni, K. S., Lala, S., Kapoor, K., ... Mukhopadhyay, S. C. (2019). Fire sensing technologies: a review. IEEE Sensors Journal, 19(9), 3191-3202. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2019.2894665
Gaur, Anshul ; Singh, Abhishek ; Kumar, Ashok ; Kulkarni, Kishor S. ; Lala, Sayantani ; Kapoor, Kamal ; Srivastava, Vishal ; Kumar, Anuj ; Mukhopadhyay, Subhas Chandra. / Fire sensing technologies : a review. In: IEEE Sensors Journal. 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 9. pp. 3191-3202.
@article{b0e8727a31034755a117559e67445030,
title = "Fire sensing technologies: a review",
abstract = "The progress on fire sensing technologies has been quite substantial in recent years due to advancements in sensing, information, and communications technologies. In this paper, the authors have discussed the fire sensing technologies and what is essential for the discrepancies in the development of hardware and algorithm. The review presents an overview of the existing state-of-the-art practices in the areas of fire sensing and control system, and it is focused mainly on the excellent capability to detect fire, reduce the detection of false positives, the ability to notify the occupants, passes the information and the status of the fires to the fire department, and the automatic control capability of the occupants' safety and controlling functions. The major elements of the fire moment, such as surrounding heat, flame, smoke, and gases level, are discussed with their merits, demerits, measurement benchmarks, and measuring the span of the parameters. The reasons and controlling parameters of the fire in commercial and residential buildings are also discussed. Research articles on fire sensing technologies also acknowledged the above concerns. However, the importance of robust systems that address all or most of the above-stated benchmarks still remains a challenge and partially addressed. To address the gaps, a modified fire sensing and control system concept has been proposed.",
author = "Anshul Gaur and Abhishek Singh and Ashok Kumar and Kulkarni, {Kishor S.} and Sayantani Lala and Kamal Kapoor and Vishal Srivastava and Anuj Kumar and Mukhopadhyay, {Subhas Chandra}",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1109/JSEN.2019.2894665",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "3191--3202",
journal = "IEEE Sensors Journal",
issn = "1530-437X",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)",
number = "9",

}

Gaur, A, Singh, A, Kumar, A, Kulkarni, KS, Lala, S, Kapoor, K, Srivastava, V, Kumar, A & Mukhopadhyay, SC 2019, 'Fire sensing technologies: a review', IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 3191-3202. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2019.2894665

Fire sensing technologies : a review. / Gaur, Anshul; Singh, Abhishek; Kumar, Ashok; Kulkarni, Kishor S.; Lala, Sayantani; Kapoor, Kamal; Srivastava, Vishal; Kumar, Anuj; Mukhopadhyay, Subhas Chandra.

In: IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 19, No. 9, 01.05.2019, p. 3191-3202.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fire sensing technologies

T2 - IEEE Sensors Journal

AU - Gaur, Anshul

AU - Singh, Abhishek

AU - Kumar, Ashok

AU - Kulkarni, Kishor S.

AU - Lala, Sayantani

AU - Kapoor, Kamal

AU - Srivastava, Vishal

AU - Kumar, Anuj

AU - Mukhopadhyay, Subhas Chandra

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - The progress on fire sensing technologies has been quite substantial in recent years due to advancements in sensing, information, and communications technologies. In this paper, the authors have discussed the fire sensing technologies and what is essential for the discrepancies in the development of hardware and algorithm. The review presents an overview of the existing state-of-the-art practices in the areas of fire sensing and control system, and it is focused mainly on the excellent capability to detect fire, reduce the detection of false positives, the ability to notify the occupants, passes the information and the status of the fires to the fire department, and the automatic control capability of the occupants' safety and controlling functions. The major elements of the fire moment, such as surrounding heat, flame, smoke, and gases level, are discussed with their merits, demerits, measurement benchmarks, and measuring the span of the parameters. The reasons and controlling parameters of the fire in commercial and residential buildings are also discussed. Research articles on fire sensing technologies also acknowledged the above concerns. However, the importance of robust systems that address all or most of the above-stated benchmarks still remains a challenge and partially addressed. To address the gaps, a modified fire sensing and control system concept has been proposed.

AB - The progress on fire sensing technologies has been quite substantial in recent years due to advancements in sensing, information, and communications technologies. In this paper, the authors have discussed the fire sensing technologies and what is essential for the discrepancies in the development of hardware and algorithm. The review presents an overview of the existing state-of-the-art practices in the areas of fire sensing and control system, and it is focused mainly on the excellent capability to detect fire, reduce the detection of false positives, the ability to notify the occupants, passes the information and the status of the fires to the fire department, and the automatic control capability of the occupants' safety and controlling functions. The major elements of the fire moment, such as surrounding heat, flame, smoke, and gases level, are discussed with their merits, demerits, measurement benchmarks, and measuring the span of the parameters. The reasons and controlling parameters of the fire in commercial and residential buildings are also discussed. Research articles on fire sensing technologies also acknowledged the above concerns. However, the importance of robust systems that address all or most of the above-stated benchmarks still remains a challenge and partially addressed. To address the gaps, a modified fire sensing and control system concept has been proposed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064083156&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/JSEN.2019.2894665

DO - 10.1109/JSEN.2019.2894665

M3 - Review article

VL - 19

SP - 3191

EP - 3202

JO - IEEE Sensors Journal

JF - IEEE Sensors Journal

SN - 1530-437X

IS - 9

ER -

Gaur A, Singh A, Kumar A, Kulkarni KS, Lala S, Kapoor K et al. Fire sensing technologies: a review. IEEE Sensors Journal. 2019 May 1;19(9):3191-3202. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2019.2894665