Five seconds of 50-60 W radio frequency atrial ablations were transmural and safe: an in vitro mechanistic assessment and force-controlled in vivo validation

Abhishek Bhaskaran, William Chik, Jim Pouliopoulos, Chrishan Nalliah, Pierre Qian, Tony Barry, Fazlur Nadri, Rahul Samanta, Ying Tran, Stuart Thomas, Pramesh Kovoor, Aravinda Thiagalingam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Longer procedural time is associated with complications in radiofrequency atrial fibrillation ablation. We sought to reduce ablation time and thereby potentially reduce complications. The aim was to compare the dimensions and complications of 40 W/30 s setting to that of high-power ablations (50-80 W) for 5 s in the in vitro and in vivo models.

Methods and results: In vitro ablations-40 W/30 s were compared with 40-80 W powers for 5 s. In vivo ablations-40 W/30 s were compared with 50-80 W powers for 5 s. All in vivo ablations were performed with 10 g contact force and 30 mL/min irrigation rate. Steam pops and depth of lung lesions identified post-mortem were noted as complications. A total of 72 lesions on the non-trabeculated part of right atrium were performed in 10 Ovine. All in vitro ablations except for the 40 W/5 s setting achieved the critical lesion depth of 2 mm. For in vivo ablations, all lesions were transmural, and the lesion depths for the settings of 40 W/30 s, 50 W/5 s, 60 W/5 s, 70 W/5 s, and 80 W/5 s were 2.2 ± 0.5, 2.3 ± 0.5, 2.1 ± 0.4, 2.0 ± 0.3, and 2.3 ± 0.7 mm, respectively. The lesion depths of short-duration ablations were similar to that of the conventional ablation. Steam pops occurred in the ablation settings of 40 W/30 s and 80 W/5 s in 8 and 11% of ablations, respectively. Complications were absent in short-duration ablations of 50 and 60 W.

Conclusion: High-power, short-duration atrial ablation was as safe and effective as the conventional ablation. Compared with the conventional 40 W/30 s setting, 50 and 60 W ablation for 5 s achieved transmurality and had fewer complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)874-880
Number of pages7
JournalEuropace
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Short duration
  • High power
  • Safety
  • Atrial fibrillation ablation

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