Flood levee influences on community preparedness: a paradox?

Andrew Gissing, Jonathan Van Leeuwen, Matalena Tofa, Katharine Haynes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Flood levees are a commonly used method of flood protection. Previous research has proposed the concept of the 'levee paradox' to describe the situation whereby the construction of levees leads to a lowered community awareness of the risks of flooding and increased development in the 'protected' area. The consequences of this are the risks of larger losses in less frequent but deeper floods when levees overtop or fail. This paper uses the recent history of flooding and levee construction to investigate the 'levee paradox' through a study of flood preparedness and floodplain development in Lismore, NSW.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-43
Number of pages6
JournalAustralian Journal of Emergency Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018


  • emergency management
  • floods
  • management
  • natural disasters
  • flood damage prevention
  • flood control


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