Fluency versus accuracy in advanced spoken learner language: a multi-method approach

Christiane Brand, Sandra Götz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper we present a possible multi-method approach towards the description of a potential correlation between errors and temporal variables of (dys-)fluency in spoken learner language. Using the German subcorpus of the Louvain International Database of Spoken English Interlanguage (LINDSEI) and the native control corpus Louvain Corpus of Native English Conversation (LOCNEC), we first analysed errors and temporal variables of fluency quantitatively. We detected lexical and grammatical categories which are especially error-prone as well as problematic aspects of fluency for all learners in the LINDSEI subcorpus, e.g. confusion in tense agreement across clauses or an overuse of unfilled pauses. In the ensuing qualitative analysis of five prototypical learners, no trend for a possible correlation of accuracy and fluency could be observed. Fifty native speakers' ratings of these five learners revealed that the learner with an average performance across the investigated variables received the highest ratings for overall oral proficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-275
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Corpus Linguistics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • accuracy
  • error analysis
  • errors
  • fluency
  • learner corpus


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