We report microstructural evidence for fluid-assisted ductile strain localization in a 50 m-wide mylonitic-ultramylonitic shear zone in the Ronda Peridotite massif, Southern Spain. Strain localization occurred at relatively low pressure ( mm). In the mylonites, olivine shows a crystal preferred orientation (CPO) coherent with dominant (001) glide, probably due to the presence of interstitial fluids during deformation. In the ultramylonites, olivine CPO is weak to very weak, consistently with a decreasing contribution of dislocation creep to deformation. In contrast, fine-grained orthopyroxene in both mylonites and ultramylonites displays a clear CPO characterized by a  maximum normal to the foliation, which is not consistent with dislocation glide in any known slip system for orthopyroxene. We interpret this CPO as formed by oriented crystallization during dissolution-precipitation. In the present study, dissolution-precipitation creep predominates only in small-scale ultramylonite bands due to limited fluid availability and localized dynamic permeability. However, this process may be important in intermediate temperature domains of subduction zones, where it may lead to a feedback between strain localization and fluid transport. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Strain localization
- Dissolution-precipitation creep
- Shear zone
- Lithospheric mantle
- Ronda Peridotite massif