Fluid inclusions in Scourian granulites from the Lewisian complex of NW Scotland

Evidence for CO2-rich fluid in Late Archaean high-grade metamorphism

T. Andersen*, M. J. Whitehouse, E. A J Burke

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    14 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this paper the first fluid-inclusion data are presented from Late Archaean Scourian granulites of the Lewisian complex of mainland northwest Scotland, Pure CO2 or CO2-dominated fluid inclusions are moderately abundant in pristine granulites. These inclusions show homogenization temperatures ranging from -54 to + 10°C with a very prominent histogram peak at -16 to -32°C. Isochores corresponding to this main histogram peak agree with P-T estimates for granulite-facies recrystallization during the Badcallian (750-800°C, 7-8 kbar) as well as with Inverian P-T conditions (550-600°C, 5 kbar). The maximum densities encountered could correspond to fluids trapped during an early, higher P-T phase of the Badcallian metamorphism (900-1000°C, 11-12 kbar). Homogenization temperatures substantially higher than the main histogram peak may represent Laxfordian reworking (≤ 500°C, < 4 kbar). In the pristine granulites, aqueous fluid inclusions are of very subordinate importance and occur only along late secondary healed fractures. In rocks which have been retrograded to amphibolite facies from Inverian and/or Laxfordian shear zones, CO2 inclusions are conspicuously absent; only secondary aqueous inclusions are present, presumably related to post-granulite hydration processes. These data illustrate the importance of CO2-rich fluids for the petrogenesis of Late Archaean granulites, and demonstrate that early fluid inclusions may survive subsequent metamorphic processes as long as no new fluid is introduced into the system.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)93-104
    Number of pages12
    JournalLithos
    Volume40
    Issue number2-4
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 1997

    Keywords

    • Carbon dioxide
    • Fluid inclusions
    • Granulites
    • Lewisian complex
    • Scotland

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