Forced expression of muscle specific kinase slows postsynaptic acetylcholine receptor loss in a mouse model of musk myasthenia gravis

Nazanin Ghazanfari, Erna L T B Linsao, Sofie Trajanovska, Marco Morsch, Paul Gregorevic, Simon X. Liang, Stephen W. Reddel, William D. Phillips*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    Abstract

    We investigated the influence of postsynaptic tyrosine kinase signaling in a mouse model of muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) myasthenia gravis (MG). Mice administered repeated daily injections of IgG from MuSK MG patients developed impaired neuromuscular transmission due to progressive loss of acetylcholine receptor (AChR) from the postsynaptic membrane of the neuromuscular junction. In this model, anti-MuSK-positive IgG caused a reduction in motor endplate immunolabeling for phosphorylated Src-Y418 and AChR β-subunit-Y390 before any detectable loss of MuSK or AChR from the endplate. Adeno-associated viral vector (rAAV) encoding MuSK fused to enhanced green fluorescent protein (MuSK-EGFP) was injected into the tibialis anterior muscle to increase MuSK synthesis. When mice were subsequently challenged with 11 daily injections of IgG from MuSK MG patients, endplates expressing MuSK-EGFP retained more MuSK and AChR than endplates of contralateral muscles administered empty vector. Recordings of compound muscle action potentials from myasthenic mice revealed less impairment of neuromuscular transmission in muscles that had been injected with rAAV-MuSK-EGFP than contralateral muscles (empty rAAV controls). In contrast to the effects of MuSK-EGFP, forced expression of rapsyn-EGFP provided no such protection to endplate AChR when mice were subsequently challenged with MuSK MG IgG. In summary, the immediate in vivo effect of MuSK autoantibodies was to suppress MuSK-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins in the postsynaptic membrane, while increased MuSK synthesis protected endplates against AChR loss. These results support the hypothesis that reduced MuSK kinase signaling initiates the progressive disassembly of the postsynaptic membrane scaffold in this mouse model of MuSK MG.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numbere12658
    Pages (from-to)1-15
    Number of pages15
    JournalPhysiological Reports
    Volume3
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright the Author(s) 2016. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

    Keywords

    • Myasthenia
    • Neuromuscular junction
    • Synapse formation
    • Tyrosine kinase

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