Forecasting monthly world tuna prices with a plausible approach

Boonmee Lee*, Phattrawan Tongkumchum, Don McNeil

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Skipjack, the most caught species of tuna globally, is a critical raw material for tuna industry in Thailand, the world’s largest tuna-processing hub. However, tuna processors are finding it difficult to manage costs of these imported materials because of price fluctuations over time. Whereas most time series forecasting methods used in the literature model only three components: trend, seasonality and error, this study proposes a method to handle a fourth component as well: Cycle. This method smooths monthly price data using a cubic spline that can detect cycles varying in both frequency and amplitude, and thus generates plausible forecasts by refitting the model after duplicating data from its most recent cycle. Results show that world tuna prices have a slightly upward trend in cyclical patterns with each cycle lasting approximately six years. Peak-to-peak amplitudes suggest that prices reached their peak at 2,350 US dollars per metric ton in 2017 and have started to fall, but will rebound after 2021.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-405
Number of pages8
JournalSongklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • 2109 Australia
  • Cyclical pattern
  • New South Wales
  • Seasonal adjustment
  • Skipjack tuna prices
  • Spline interpolation
  • Time series forecasting North Ryde


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