Foreigners at Beni Hassan: evidence from the Tomb of Khnumhotep I (No. 14)

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The procession of Asiatics in the tomb of Khnumhotep II (No. 3) at Beni Hassan is one of the most famous scenes alluding to ancient Egypt’s interactions with its neighbors. Khnumhotep II, however, was not the only official at Beni Hassan to include representations of foreigners. The tomb of his possible grandfather, Khnumhotep I (No. 14), additionally features unique depictions of a number of individuals who can be identified as of non-Egyptian origin. These foreigners signal that particular cross-cultural relations could remain under the auspices of specific families in the early Middle Kingdom, perhaps influencing power and political dynamics that helped shape the 12th Dynasty. The following presents the most recent recordings of the depictions as completed by The Australian Centre for Egyptology, commenting on their nature and historical significance in relation to Khnumhotep I and the Oryx nome.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-132
Number of pages28
JournalThe Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
Early online date2020
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


  • 12th Dynasty
  • Asiatics
  • Beni Hassan
  • Egyptology
  • Foreigners in Egyptian art
  • Intercultural contacts
  • Khnumhotep I
  • Libyans
  • Middle Kingdom
  • Nubians


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