Formation of N-containing gas-phase species from char gasification in steam

Dong Chan Park, Stuart J. Day, Peter F. Nelson*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    32 Citations (Scopus)


    The formation of N-containing products during char-steam gasification has been investigated in a laboratory scale fixed bed reactor. Experiments were conducted at 1000 °C, 0.1-1.0 MPa, and 6-46% of H2O in He base flow. Two very different coal chars, which were prepared from the rapid heating of Australian bituminous and sub-bituminous coals, were studied. The nitrogen-containing products released during the gasification were measured using an FTIR spectrometer (NH3, HCN and HNCO) and gas chromatography (N2). The major N-containing products formed during char-steam gasification are NH3, HCN and N2. Reactions of HCN in the same reactor were also studied; these experiments were conducted with HCN alone, HCN/steam, and HCN/steam/char. The results are consistent with a mechanism in which HCN is the primary N-containing product of the char-steam reaction, and the additional products result from further reactions of HCN either in the gas phase or promoted by the surface of the reactor or the char. Increasing concentrations of steam significantly influence the distribution of char-N to N-containing gas-phase products, resulting in the increase of NH3 at the expense of N2. Some differences in char behaviour are also observed, particularly on the distribution of N-containing products at 0.1 MPa total pressure.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)807-814
    Number of pages8
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - May 2008


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