Fractals in neuroanatomy and basic neurosciences

an overview

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The introduction of fractal geometry in the neurosciences has been a major paradigm shift over the last decades as it has helped overcome approximations and limitations that occur when Euclidean and reductionist approaches are used to analyze neurons or the entire brain. Fractal geometry allows for quantitative analysis and description of the geometric complexity of the brain, from its single units to the neuronal networks. As illustrated in the second section of this book, fractal analysis provides a quantitative tool for the study of morphology of brain cells (i.e., neurons and microglia) and its components (e.g., dendritic trees, synapses) as well as the brain structure itself (cortex, functional modules, neuronal networks). The self-similar logic which generates and shapes the different hierarchical systems of the brain and even some structures related to its “container,” that is, the cranial sutures on the skull, is widely discussed in the following chapters, with a link between the applications of fractal analysis to the neuroanatomy and basic neurosciences to the clinical applications discussed in the third section.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Fractal geometry of the brain
EditorsAntonio Di Ieva
Place of PublicationNew York
PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
Pages83-89
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9781493939954
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameSpringer Series in Computational Neuroscience
PublisherSpringer

Keywords

  • brain
  • microglia
  • neuroanatomy
  • neuron
  • fractal
  • self-similarity
  • neuronal networks

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  • Cite this

    Di Ieva, A. (2016). Fractals in neuroanatomy and basic neurosciences: an overview. In A. Di Ieva (Ed.), The Fractal geometry of the brain (pp. 83-89). (Springer Series in Computational Neuroscience). New York: Springer, Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-3995-4_5