Friendship quality and social information processing in clinically anxious children

J. R. Baker*, J. L. Hudson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The association between perceived friendship quality (FQ) and social information processing (SIP) was examined in three groups of children and their close friends aged 7-12 years: 16 anxiety disordered children with social phobia (SP); 12 anxiety disordered children without SP (No-SP); and 32 nonclinical children. Positive and negative FQ positively associated with target children's positive and negative responding on a vignette measure of SIP. SP children reported lower positive SIP than No-SP but not nonclinical children; and this was the only group difference in SIP. Target children and their friends were similar in negative but not positive SIP. Following discussion about the vignette with a close friend, all target children increased in positive SIP; negative SIP did not change. Lower FQ and a more socially anxious friend predicted higher negative target child SIP postdiscussion. Close friendships play an important role in the SIP of both clinical and nonclinical children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-23
Number of pages12
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume45
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • friendship quality
  • social information processing
  • child anxiety
  • social phobia

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