From hubs via holons to an adaptive meta-architecture - The "AD-HOC" approach

Leszek A. Maciaszek*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The ever increasing sophistication of software systems brings with it the ever increasing danger of humans losing control over their own creations. This situation, termed the 'software crisis', is said to have existed since the early days of software engineering and has been characterized by the inability of software developers to produce adaptive systems, This paper addresses the roots of the software crisis - the software cognitive and structural complexity and how it could be conquered through the imposition of a meta-architecture on software solutions. The meta-architecture, called PCBMER, epitomizes some important characteristics of holons and holarchies underpinning the structure and behavior of living systems.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSoftware Engineering Techniques
Subtitle of host publicationDesign for Quality
EditorsKrzysztof Sacha
Place of PublicationNew York
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780387393889
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Publication series

NameIFIP International Federation for Information Processing
ISSN (Print)15715736


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