From hydrophilic to superhydrophobic

Fabrication of micrometer-sized nail-head-shaped pillars in diamond

Mikael Karlsson*, Pontus Forsberg, Fredrik Nikolajeff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)


The hydrophobicity of microtextured diamond surfaces was investigated. Pillarlike structures were fabricated in both, nanocrystalline diamond and microcrystalline diamond. By changing the surface termination of the textured diamond surface, we could switch between superhydrophobic surfaces and hydrophilic surfaces. Examined terminations were hydrogen, fluorine, and oxygen. To evaluate the wetting properties, advancing and receding contact angles were measured. By designing pillars with a wide diamond top on a narrower silicon stem, superhydrophobicity was achieved even when the advancing contact angle on the unstructured diamond surface was below 70°. The possibility to manipulate the hydrophobicity and the Fresnel reflection simultaneously at an infrared wavelength is also demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)889-893
Number of pages5
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2010

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