Fruit infestation patterns by Anastrepha fraterculus and Ceratitis capitata reveal that cross-recognition does not lead to complete avoidance of interspecific competition in nature

Francisco Devescovi, M. Clara Liendo, Guillermo E. Bachmann, Juan P. Bouvet, Fabian H. Milla, M. Teresa Vera, Jorge L. Cladera, Diego F. Segura*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The avoidance of parasitized or infested hosts, which is a common phenomenon in parasitic wasps and phytophagous insects, may act both intra- and interspecifically. Most studies on chemically-mediated avoidance of interspecific competition in insects have been conducted at the individual level. The role of this behaviour on the spatial distribution of offspring of sympatric species with overlapping host ranges has been overlooked. In the present study, two analytical approaches were used to investigate the co-infestation patterns of the fruit flies Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) and Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), aiming to unravel the importance of cross-species infestation recognition in nature. Guava fruit were sampled in an area of coexistence of these two fruit flies and individually categorized as non-infested, infested by one of the species or infested by both species. The frequency of each type of fruit was compared with the frequency distributions expected under two models: an independent oviposition model and a competition avoidance model. As an alternative approach, co-occurrence patterns were evaluated using null models. The results showed that avoidance of competition could be occurring in nature, although only in a few cases in which infestation levels are moderate. The two approaches revealed that the spatial scale has significant impact on the resulting co-occurrence patterns, such that opposite behaviours towards infested fruit are inferred at the largest (mainly aggregated oviposition pattern) versus the smallest scale (mainly independent oviposition pattern). For the system under investigation, our findings suggest that the avoidance of infested fruit does not contribute, or at least not strongly, to the coexistence of the two species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-335
Number of pages11
JournalAgricultural and Forest Entomology
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biological invasion
  • coexistence
  • EcoSim
  • female host choice
  • foraging behaviour
  • host-marking pheromone
  • oviposition deterrent pheromone
  • Oviposition deterrent pheromone
  • Host-marking pheromone
  • Coexistence
  • Foraging behaviour
  • Female host choice

Cite this