Functioning achievements in urban Bangladesh: a comparison with rural areas

Tamgid Ahmed Chowdhury*, Pundarik Mukhopadhaya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In view of the differences in the nature and concept of poverty across rural and urban regions, this article argues that a nationwide standardised poverty reduction strategy package may not be equally effective in these two regions. This article examines the limitations of existing poverty assessment approaches used in Bangladesh and identifies various indicators that are responsible for the achievement of higher level functioning in urban regions in contrast to rural areas. The methodology of the study is based on 917 samples of poor persons with microcredit collected from nine districts of Bangladesh. Significant differences have been observed in the indicators of poverty for rural and urban areas. The results from our participatory study reveal that the urban poor are more inclined towards social functioning achievements such as voting, decision-making at both household and work levels, having a voice at local meetings and co-operatives, whereas the rural poor are still demanding the most basic requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-344
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Contemporary Asia
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2 Apr 2016


  • urban poverty
  • capability
  • Multidimensional functioning
  • Bangladesh


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