Further evidence for small-bodied hominins from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia

M. J. Morwood*, P. Brown, Jatmiko, T. Sutikna, E. Wahyu Saptomo, K. E. Westaway, Rokus Awe Due, R. G. Roberts, T. Maeda, S. Wasisto, T. Djubiantono

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

224 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Homo floresiensis was recovered from Late Pleistocene deposits on the island of Flores in eastern Indonesia, but has the stature, limb proportions and endocranial volume of African Pliocene Australopithecus. The holotype of the species (LB1), excavated in 2003 from Liang Bua, consisted of a partial skeleton minus the arms. Here we describe additional H. floresiensis remains excavated from the cave in 2004. These include arm bones belonging to the holotype skeleton, a second adult mandible, and postcranial material from other individuals. We can now reconstruct the body proportions of H. floresiensis with some certainty. The finds further demonstrate that LB1 is not just an aberrant or pathological individual, but is representative of a long-term population that was present during the interval 95-74 to 12 thousand years ago. The excavation also yielded more evidence for the depositional history of the cave and for the behavioural capabilities of H. floresiensis, including the butchery of Stegodon and use of fire.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1012-1017
Number of pages6
JournalNature
Volume437
Issue number7061
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes

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