Gödel, escher, bach and super-expertise

Pamela N. Gray*, Xenogene Gray, Deborah Richards

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contribution


A major problem in knowledge acquisition is expert combinatorics. A human expert, such as a lawyer, deals with combinatorics restricted to the client's case in hand; only part of the full combinatorics is worked out. An artificial expert, with computational intelligence, processes all possible user cases consistently; it has Super-expertise that can process any case much quicker and more expediently than a human expert. This paper considers the nature and limits of Super-expertise, with some reference to the early visions of artificial intelligence of Hofstadter, in order to develop programming epistemology as methodology that may solve many of the knowledge acquisition problems that have produced the Feigenbaum bottleneck. An application of a fifth generation language, a Superexpert system shell called eGanges, which was designed according to a computational epistemology of a legal expert, is used to illustrate this development of programming epistemology.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationKnowledge Science, Engineering and Management - Second International Conference, KSEM 2007, Proceedings
EditorsZili Zhang, Jarg H. Siekmann
Place of PublicationGuildford
PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
Number of pages6
Volume4798 LNAI
ISBN (Electronic)9783540767190
ISBN (Print)9783540767183
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event2nd International Conference on Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management, KSEM 2007 - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 28 Nov 200730 Nov 2007

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume4798 LNAI
ISSN (Print)03029743
ISSN (Electronic)16113349


Other2nd International Conference on Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management, KSEM 2007


  • Combinatorics
  • eGanges
  • Epistemology
  • Expert systems
  • Superexpertise

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gödel, escher, bach and super-expertise'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this