We study the star formation rate (SFR), stellar mass (M∗), and the gas metallicity (Z) for 4636 galaxy pairs using the Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey. Our galaxy pairs lie in a redshift range of 0 < z < 0.35, mass range of 7.5 < log(M∗/M⊙) < 11.5 and ΔV < 1000 km s-1. We explore variations in SFR and Z from three point of views: multiplicity, pair separation, and dynamics. We define multiplicity as the number of galaxies paired with a single galaxy, and analyzed for the first time variations in SFR and Z for both, single pairs and pairs with higher multiplicity. For the latter, we find SFR enhancements from 0.025-0.15 dex, that would shift the M-SFR relation of single pairs by 27 per cent to higher SFRs. The effect of Z, on the other hand, is of only 4 per cent. We analyse the most and least massive galaxy of major/minor pairs as a function of the pair separation. We define major pairs those with mass ratios of 0.5 < M1/M2 < 2, while pairs with more discrepant mass ratios are classified as minor pairs. We find SFR enhancements of up to two and four times with respect to their control sample, for major and minor pairs. For the case of Z, we find decrements of up to 0.08 dex for the closest pairs. When we focus on dynamics, Z enhancements are found for minor pairs with high-velocity dispersion (σp > 250 km s-1 and high multiplicity.
Bibliographical noteThis article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 501, Issue 2, February 2021, Pages 2969–2982, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/staa3799. Copyright 2020 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
- Galaxies: abundances
- Galaxies: interactions
- Galaxies: star formation
- Galaxies: statistics