Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA)

The sSFR-M* relation part I - σ sSFR-M* as a function of sample, SFR indicator, and environment

L. J. M. Davies*, C. del P. Lagos, A. Katsianis, A. S. G. Robotham, L. Cortese, S. P. Driver, M. N. Bremer, M. J. I. Brown, S. Brough, M. E. Cluver, M. W. Grootes, B. W. Holwerda, M. Owers, S. Phillipps

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recently, a number of studies have proposed that the dispersion along the star formation rate (SFR) - stellar mass relation (σ sSFR-M*)-is indicative of variations in star formation history driven by feedback processes. They found a 'U'-shaped dispersion and attribute the increased scatter at lowand high stellarmasses to stellar and active galactic nuclei feedback, respectively. However, measuring σ sSFR and the shape of the σ sSFR-M* relation is problematic and can vary dramatically depending on the sample selected, chosen separation of passive/star-forming systems, and method of deriving SFRs (i.e. H α emission versus spectral energy distribution fitting). As such, any astrophysical conclusions drawn from measurements of σ sSFR must consider these dependencies. Here, we use the Galaxy And Mass Assembly survey to explore how σ sSFR varies with SFR indicator for a variety of selections for disc-like 'main-sequence' star-forming galaxies including colour, SFR, visual morphology, bulge-to-total mass ratio, Sérsic index, and mixture modelling. We find that irrespective of sample selection and/or SFR indicator, the dispersion along the sSFR-M* relation does follow a 'U'-shaped distribution. This suggests that the shape is physical and not an artefact of sample selection or method. We then compare the σ sSFR-M* relation to state-of-the-art hydrodynamical and semi-analytic models and find good agreement with our observed results. Finally, we find that for group satellites this 'U'-shaped distribution is not observed due to additional high scatter population at intermediate stellar masses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1881-1900
Number of pages20
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume483
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: general
  • galaxies: groups: general

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