Gasification of biomass

Tao Kan*, Vladimir Strezov

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    Abstract

    Biomass gasification converts various biomass fuels into combustible gases (producer gas) in the presence of a limited supply of oxygen or suitable oxidants such as carbon dioxide or steam. Biomass gasification is usually performed at high temperatures (>800°C), resulting in producer gas usually consisting of hydrogen (H 2, 12%-20%), carbon monoxide (CO, 17%-22%), methane (CH 4, 2%-3%), carbon dioxide (CO 2, 9%-15%), water vapour (H 2O), nitrogen (N 2) and various impurities such as tar vapours, the composition of which depends on the gasifier’s design and operational conditions (Quaak et al. 1999; McKendry 2002a).

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBiomass processing technologies
    EditorsVladimir Strezov, Tim J. Evans
    Place of PublicationBoca Raton
    PublisherCRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group
    Pages81-121
    Number of pages41
    ISBN (Electronic)9781482282603
    ISBN (Print)9781466566163
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Keywords

    • fluidized-bed gasification
    • thermal gasification
    • steam-gasification
    • thermochemical conversion
    • hydrogen-production
    • syngas production
    • energy-production
    • tar elimination
    • air
    • catalysts

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