Genomic, transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of Dehalobacter UNSWDHB in response to chloroform

Bat Erdene Jugder, Haluk Ertan, Yie Kuan Wong, Nady Braidy, Michael Manefield, Christopher P. Marquis, Matthew Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Organohalide respiring bacteria (ORB) are capable of utilising organohalides as electron acceptors for the generation of cellular energy and consequently play an important role in the turnover of natural and anthropogenically-derived organohalides. In this study, the response of a Dehalobacter sp. strain UNSWDHB to the addition of trichloromethane (TCM) after a 50 h period of its absence (suffocation) was evaluated from a transcriptomic and proteomic perspective. The up-regulation of TCM reductive dehalogenase genes (tmrABC) and their gene products (TmrABC) was confirmed at both transcriptional and proteomic levels. Other findings include the upregulation of various hydrogenases (membrane-associated Ni-Fe hydrogenase complexes and soluble Fe-Fe hydrogenases), formate dehydrogenases, complex I and a pyrophosphate-energized proton pump. The elevated expression of enzymes associated with carbon metabolism, including complete Wood Ljungdahl pathway, during TCM respiration raises interesting questions on possible fates of intracellular formate and its potential role in the physiology of this bacterium. Overall, the findings presented here provide a broader view on the bioenergetics and general physiology of Dehalobacter UNSWDHB cells actively respiring with TCM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)814-824
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Microbiology Reports
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes


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