Geochemistry and tectonic evolution of the Late Cretaceous Gogher-Baft ophiolite, Central Iran

Hadi Shafaii Moghadam*, Robert J. Stern, Massimo Chiaradia, Mohamad Rahgoshay

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


The Late Cretaceous Gogher-Baft ophiolite is one of the best preserved remnants of Neo-Tethyan oceanic lithospheric within the inner Zagros ophiolite belt. The ophiolite comprises from bottom to top, harzburgites, pegmatite and isotropic gabbroic lenses within the mantle sequence, pillowed to massive basalts to dacites and pyroclastic rocks associated with blocks of pelagic limestone and radiolarite. Basaltic to dacitic sills crosscut the pyroclastic rocks. The ophiolite sequence is overlain by Turonian-Maastrichtian pelagic limestones (93.5-65.5Ma). Mineral compositions of harzburgites are similar to those of fore-arc peridotites and overlap with abyssal peridotites. Most Gogher-Baft ophiolite magmatic rocks show supra-subduction zone affinities, except for some E-MORB type lavas. The geochemical characteristics suggest that Gogher-Baft ophiolite magmatic rocks were generated during subduction initiation. These show progressive source depletion leading to the formation of MORB to boninitic magmas. Early E-MORB-type pillow lavas may have originated by melting mantle that was not affected by subduction components as the Tethyan oceanic plate began to sink beneath Eurasia as subduction began in the Late Cretaceous. Initial εNd (t) values range from +2.6 to +9 for Gogher-Baft magmatic rocks. Samples with radiogenic Nd overlap with least radiogenic MORBs and with Oman and other Late Cretaceous Tethyan ophiolitic rocks. The initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios range from 0.7048 to 0.7057, indicating modification due to seafloor alteration. Radiogenic 207Pb/204Pb isotopic compositions (systematically above the NHRL) and less radiogenic Nd isotopic compositions suggest the involvement of sediments in the mantle source in some magmatic rocks. Our results for Gogher-Baft ophiolite and the similarity of these to other Iranian Zagros ophiolites suggest a subduction initiation setting for the generation of these magmatic rocks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-47
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - May 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Geochemistry
  • Gogher-Baft ophiolite
  • Iran
  • Neo-Tethys
  • Subduction initiation
  • Supra-subduction zone


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