Geographical imbalance and influential characteristics of the green building market

Ruidong Chang, Tianzhi He, Yilong Han*, Rui Xue, Wei Emma Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Green buildings have gained increasing momentum during the past decade, evidenced by an uptick in green building construction worldwide. To facilitate green building development, it is crucial to understand the current geographical distribution of green buildings, thereby identifying emerging markets and opportunities for future growth. However, very few studies investigated the spatial characteristics of the green building market and the factors influencing the distribution of green buildings. By examining the national green building market in the United States, we studied the spatial distribution patterns and significant influencing factors of the county-level US green building markets. Cluster mapping and hot spots of the green building markets were identified through spatial autocorrelation analysis. A spatial regression model with high performance (R2 of 0.83) was developed to identify the significant influencing factors. We found a statistically significant clustering phenomenon of county-level US green building markets. The spatial error model reveals that three factors, namely, the number of housing units, gross domestic product, and the local green building company index, significantly influence the number of green buildings at the county level. We also found that the county-level green building market is influenced by these factors of not only the host county, but also the neighboring counties. Our findings provide a useful reference for stakeholders' decision-making process concerning local green building market development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04023093
Pages (from-to)04023093-1-04023093-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Green building market
  • Geographical imbalance
  • Spatial autocorrelation
  • Spatial distribution
  • Spatial regression


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