There are three types of gold deposits in west Shandong gold metallogenetic domain. The altered rock type (the Jiaojia-type) and quartz vein type (the Linglong-type) were discovered for several years. In recent years, a new type gold deposit, the inter-layer-sliding tectonic breccia type gold deposit, such as the Pengjiakuang and the Songjiagou gold deposits, has been discovered along the northeastern margin of Jiaolai Basin. The Pengjiakuang gold deposit occurs in a interlayer-sliding fault zone between the conglomerate of Early Cretaceous Laiyang Formation and the metamorphic complex of Lower Proterozoic Jingshan Group along the margin of Jiaolai Basin, which was formed before Yanshanian volcanic period concerning with meteoric water and magmatic water. The minerogenetic epoch has been proposed about 100 Ma. The host rocks have been extensively subjected to pyritization, silicification, sericitization and carbonatization. Individual ore-body has maximum length of 800 m, oblique extension of 500∼700 m and gold grade of 1 × 10-6∼43 × 10-6. Native gold is disseminated in silicified, phyllic or carbonatized tectonic breccia. A study on sulfur, carbon and lead isotope of gold ores and wall rocks shows that the sulfur may come from the metamorphic complex of Lower Proterozoic Jingshan Group, carbon from the marble of Jingshan Group, while a part of lead may come from the mantle. The mineralizing fluid is rich in Na+ and Cl-, but relatively impoverished in K+ and F-. According to the data from hydrogen and oxygen isotopic compositions (δ18OH2O = 0.59‰∼4.03‰, δDH2O = -97.5‰∼ -89.5‰), the conclusion can be reached that the mineralizing fluid of Pengjiakuang gold deposit was a kind of mixed hydrothermal solution which was mainly composed of meteoric water and magmatic water. A comparative study shows that the Pengjiakuang-type gold deposit, namely, the interlayer-sliding tectonic breccia type gold deposit, is different from the Jiaojia-type gold deposits and the Linglong-type gold deposits in the Jiaodong Block. It formed under an extensional tectonic background and located at interlayer-sliding fault zone along the margin of Mesozoic Jiaolai Basin. Also, the gold mineralization has closely genetic relationship with the alkaline magamtism.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Scientia Geologica Sinica|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- Geological characteristics
- Interlayer-sliding tectonic breccia type
- The Jiaolai basin
- The Pengjiakuang gold deposit