Geological consequences of super-sized Earths

C. O'Neill*, A. Lenardic

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    107 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The discovery of terrestrial-scale extrasolar planets, and their calculated abundance in the galaxy, has prompted speculation on their surface conditions and thermal structure. Both are dependent on the tectonic regime of a planet, which is itself a function of the balance between driving forces, and the resistive strength of the lithosphere. Here we use mantle convection simulations to show that simply increasing planetary radius acts to decrease the ratio of driving to resisting stresses, and thus super-sized Earths are likely to be in an episodic or stagnant lid regime. This effect is robust when associated increases in gravity are included, as the more dominant effect is increased fault strength rather than greater buoyancy forces. The thermotectonic evolution of large terrestrial planets is more complex than often assumed, and this has implications for the surface and conditions habitability of such worlds.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberL19204
    Pages (from-to)1-4
    Number of pages4
    JournalGeophysical Research Letters
    Volume34
    Issue number19
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2007

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