Unlike the Cold War era, today’s Afghanistan faces both challenges and opportunities emerging from the influence of numerous external actors. These include mainly state actors from the country’s immediate neighbourhood and beyond. While most external actors have a consensus that the US troops should withdraw following an agreement through intra-Afghan dialogues, it is unclear how the situation will unfold afterwards. Among the key actors, South Asia’s archrivals India and Pakistan have now a higher degree of involvement in Afghanistan than ever before. While India has close economic and security cooperation, Pakistan has been playing a key role in terms of international negotiations with the Afghan Taliban. China has been another key actor which sees in Afghanistan’s peace a missing piece of the puzzle in terms of its Belt and Road Initiative. Beijing has also hosted peace dialogues focusing on Afghanistan. China that has promised to invest $62 billion in Pakistan under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor has been increasingly concerned about the fragile security situation in Pakistan. There has been an increasing number of attacks on Chinese citizens in Pakistan. Considering this geopolitical context – the triad involving China, India and Pakistan and the Sino-India geostrategic competition – this paper will focus on the impacts of evolving dynamics in Afghanistan on India and Pakistan’s security.
|Journal||Third World Quarterly|
|Publication status||In preparation - 12 Feb 2021|
- Strategic alliances
- Conflict resolution
- India-Pakistan conflict
- Border dispute
- Security assessment