Many families arriving in Australia either by choice or for humanitarian reasons are faced with a new country, new language and developing an understanding of the intricacies of the new school context. This experience has been described by some of these families as overwhelming and can at times be met with misunderstanding and misinterpretation from all key stakeholders in the process. However, these families bring with them an understanding of the strengths of their children, their cultural background and experiences prior to starting school. The chapter uses the metaphor of the laden or weighted ‘backpack’ to explore the implications of Bourdieu’s notion of cultural capital within Bronfenbrenner’s bio-ecological model for children and families from immigrant and refugee backgrounds transitioning to school. Teacher’s voices are also included in this chapter to provide considerations of the dominant cultural representation of receiving these children and families into the classroom setting.