TY - JOUR

T1 - Global linear instability of rotating-cone boundary layers in a quiescent medium

AU - Thomas, Christian

AU - Davies, Christopher

PY - 2019/4

Y1 - 2019/4

N2 - The global linear stability of the family of infinite rotating-cone boundary layers in an otherwise still fluid is investigated using a velocity-vorticity form of the linearized Navier-Stokes equations. The formulation is separable with respect to the azimuthal direction. Thus, disturbance development is simulated for a single azimuthal mode number. Numerical simulations are conducted for an extensive range of cone half-angles (ψ [20:80]) and stability parameters (Reynolds number, azimuthal mode number), where conditions are taken to be near those specifications necessary for the onset of absolute instability. A localized impulsive wall forcing is implemented that excites disturbances that form wave packets. This allows the disturbance evolution to be traced in the spatial-temporal plane. When a homogeneous flow approximation is utilised that neglects the spatial variation of the basic state, linear perturbations display characteristics consistent with local stability theory. For disturbances to the genuine spatially dependent inhomogeneous flow, global linear instability characterized by a faster than exponential temporal growth arises for azimuthal mode numbers greater than the conditions for critical absolute instability. Furthermore, a reasonable prediction for the azimuthal mode number needed to bring about a change in global behavior is achieved by coupling solutions of the Ginzburg-Landau equation with local stability properties. Thus, the local-global stability behavior is qualitatively similar to that found in the infinite rotating-disk boundary layer and many other globally unstable flows.

AB - The global linear stability of the family of infinite rotating-cone boundary layers in an otherwise still fluid is investigated using a velocity-vorticity form of the linearized Navier-Stokes equations. The formulation is separable with respect to the azimuthal direction. Thus, disturbance development is simulated for a single azimuthal mode number. Numerical simulations are conducted for an extensive range of cone half-angles (ψ [20:80]) and stability parameters (Reynolds number, azimuthal mode number), where conditions are taken to be near those specifications necessary for the onset of absolute instability. A localized impulsive wall forcing is implemented that excites disturbances that form wave packets. This allows the disturbance evolution to be traced in the spatial-temporal plane. When a homogeneous flow approximation is utilised that neglects the spatial variation of the basic state, linear perturbations display characteristics consistent with local stability theory. For disturbances to the genuine spatially dependent inhomogeneous flow, global linear instability characterized by a faster than exponential temporal growth arises for azimuthal mode numbers greater than the conditions for critical absolute instability. Furthermore, a reasonable prediction for the azimuthal mode number needed to bring about a change in global behavior is achieved by coupling solutions of the Ginzburg-Landau equation with local stability properties. Thus, the local-global stability behavior is qualitatively similar to that found in the infinite rotating-disk boundary layer and many other globally unstable flows.

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UR - https://journals.aps.org/copyrightFAQ.html#free

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.4.043902

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.4.043902

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85065024875

VL - 4

SP - 1

EP - 17

JO - Physical Review Fluids

JF - Physical Review Fluids

SN - 2469-990X

IS - 4

M1 - 043902

ER -