Global observational needs and resources for marine biodiversity

Gabrielle Canonico, Pier Luigi Buttigieg, Enrique Montes, Frank E. Muller-Karger, Carol Stepien, Dawn Wright, Abigail Benson, Brian Helmuth, Mark Costello, Isabel Sousa-Pinto, Hanieh Saeedi, Jan Newton, Ward Appeltans, Nina Bednaršek, Levente Bodrossy, Benjamin D. Best, Angelika Brandt, Kelly D. Goodwin, Katrin Iken, Antonio C. Marques & 15 others Patricia Miloslavich, Martin Ostrowski, Woody Turner, Eric P. Achterberg, Tom Barry, Omar Defeo, Gregorio Bigatti, Lea-Anne Henry, Berta Ramiro-Sánchez, Pablo Durán, Telmo Morato, J. Murray Roberts, Ana García-Alegre, Mar Sacau Cuadrado, Bramley Murton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The diversity of life in the sea is critical to the health of ocean ecosystems that support living resources and therefore essential to the economic, nutritional, recreational, and health needs of billions of people. Yet there is evidence that the biodiversity of many marine habitats is being altered in response to a changing climate and human activity. Understanding this change, and forecasting where changes are likely to occur, requires monitoring of organism diversity, distribution, abundance, and health. It requires a minimum of measurements including productivity and ecosystem function, species composition, allelic diversity, and genetic expression. These observations need to be complemented with metrics of environmental change and socio-economic drivers. However, existing global ocean observing infrastructure and programs often do not explicitly consider observations of marine biodiversity and associated processes. Much effort has focused on physical, chemical and some biogeochemical measurements. Broad partnerships, shared approaches, and best practices are now being organized to implement an integrated observing system that serves information to resource managers and decision-makers, scientists and educators, from local to global scales. This integrated observing system of ocean life is now possible due to recent developments among satellite, airborne, and in situ sensors in conjunction with increases in information system capability and capacity, along with an improved understanding of marine processes represented in new physical, biogeochemical, and biological models.

LanguageEnglish
Article number367
Pages1-20
Number of pages20
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

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marine resources
Biodiversity
oceans
Health
biodiversity
Ecosystems
Ocean habitats
resource
partnership approach
living resource
Economics
ecosystems
information systems
ocean
global ocean
ecosystem function
teachers
infrastructure
socioeconomics
environmental change

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • Biodiversity
  • Ecosystem health
  • Habitat suitability indices
  • Indicators
  • Thresholds
  • Essential ocean variables
  • Essential biodiversity variables
  • Omics

Cite this

Canonico, G., Buttigieg, P. L., Montes, E., Muller-Karger, F. E., Stepien, C., Wright, D., ... Murton, B. (2019). Global observational needs and resources for marine biodiversity. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 1-20. [367]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00367
Canonico, Gabrielle ; Buttigieg, Pier Luigi ; Montes, Enrique ; Muller-Karger, Frank E. ; Stepien, Carol ; Wright, Dawn ; Benson, Abigail ; Helmuth, Brian ; Costello, Mark ; Sousa-Pinto, Isabel ; Saeedi, Hanieh ; Newton, Jan ; Appeltans, Ward ; Bednaršek, Nina ; Bodrossy, Levente ; Best, Benjamin D. ; Brandt, Angelika ; Goodwin, Kelly D. ; Iken, Katrin ; Marques, Antonio C. ; Miloslavich, Patricia ; Ostrowski, Martin ; Turner, Woody ; Achterberg, Eric P. ; Barry, Tom ; Defeo, Omar ; Bigatti, Gregorio ; Henry, Lea-Anne ; Ramiro-Sánchez, Berta ; Durán, Pablo ; Morato, Telmo ; Murray Roberts, J. ; García-Alegre, Ana ; Cuadrado, Mar Sacau ; Murton, Bramley. / Global observational needs and resources for marine biodiversity. In: Frontiers in Marine Science. 2019 ; Vol. 6. pp. 1-20.
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Canonico, G, Buttigieg, PL, Montes, E, Muller-Karger, FE, Stepien, C, Wright, D, Benson, A, Helmuth, B, Costello, M, Sousa-Pinto, I, Saeedi, H, Newton, J, Appeltans, W, Bednaršek, N, Bodrossy, L, Best, BD, Brandt, A, Goodwin, KD, Iken, K, Marques, AC, Miloslavich, P, Ostrowski, M, Turner, W, Achterberg, EP, Barry, T, Defeo, O, Bigatti, G, Henry, L-A, Ramiro-Sánchez, B, Durán, P, Morato, T, Murray Roberts, J, García-Alegre, A, Cuadrado, MS & Murton, B 2019, 'Global observational needs and resources for marine biodiversity', Frontiers in Marine Science, vol. 6, 367, pp. 1-20. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00367

Global observational needs and resources for marine biodiversity. / Canonico, Gabrielle; Buttigieg, Pier Luigi; Montes, Enrique; Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Stepien, Carol; Wright, Dawn; Benson, Abigail; Helmuth, Brian; Costello, Mark; Sousa-Pinto, Isabel; Saeedi, Hanieh; Newton, Jan; Appeltans, Ward; Bednaršek, Nina; Bodrossy, Levente; Best, Benjamin D.; Brandt, Angelika; Goodwin, Kelly D.; Iken, Katrin; Marques, Antonio C.; Miloslavich, Patricia; Ostrowski, Martin; Turner, Woody; Achterberg, Eric P.; Barry, Tom; Defeo, Omar; Bigatti, Gregorio; Henry, Lea-Anne; Ramiro-Sánchez, Berta; Durán, Pablo; Morato, Telmo; Murray Roberts, J.; García-Alegre, Ana; Cuadrado, Mar Sacau; Murton, Bramley.

In: Frontiers in Marine Science, Vol. 6, 367, 07.2019, p. 1-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Canonico, Gabrielle

AU - Buttigieg, Pier Luigi

AU - Montes, Enrique

AU - Muller-Karger, Frank E.

AU - Stepien, Carol

AU - Wright, Dawn

AU - Benson, Abigail

AU - Helmuth, Brian

AU - Costello, Mark

AU - Sousa-Pinto, Isabel

AU - Saeedi, Hanieh

AU - Newton, Jan

AU - Appeltans, Ward

AU - Bednaršek, Nina

AU - Bodrossy, Levente

AU - Best, Benjamin D.

AU - Brandt, Angelika

AU - Goodwin, Kelly D.

AU - Iken, Katrin

AU - Marques, Antonio C.

AU - Miloslavich, Patricia

AU - Ostrowski, Martin

AU - Turner, Woody

AU - Achterberg, Eric P.

AU - Barry, Tom

AU - Defeo, Omar

AU - Bigatti, Gregorio

AU - Henry, Lea-Anne

AU - Ramiro-Sánchez, Berta

AU - Durán, Pablo

AU - Morato, Telmo

AU - Murray Roberts, J.

AU - García-Alegre, Ana

AU - Cuadrado, Mar Sacau

AU - Murton, Bramley

N1 - Copyright the Author(s) 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

PY - 2019/7

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KW - Ecosystem health

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KW - Thresholds

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KW - Essential biodiversity variables

KW - Omics

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Canonico G, Buttigieg PL, Montes E, Muller-Karger FE, Stepien C, Wright D et al. Global observational needs and resources for marine biodiversity. Frontiers in Marine Science. 2019 Jul;6:1-20. 367. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00367